informationliberation
The news you're not supposed to know...




An Introduction to Austrian Economics: Understand Economics, Understand Everything
The Century of the Self: The Untold History of Controlling the Masses Through the Manipulation of Unconscious Desires
The Disappearing Male: From Virility to Sterility

The Obama Deception: The Mask Comes Off
Operation Gladio: The Hidden History of U.S. Sponsored False Flag Terrorism in EuropeThe New American Century: The Untold History of The Project for the New American Century
(more)
Article posted Jan 12 2013, 12:57 PM Category: Big Brother/Orwellian Source: EFF.org Print

European Newspapers Seek Royalties for Linking and Citing to News Content

BY MAIRA SUTTON, Electronic Frontier Foundation

Expanding copyright to allow rent seeking for linking would break the fabric of the Internet. Links and citations to articles do not infringe copyright, as links do not copy, distribute, or perform any copyrighted work. Despite some desperate assertions of the contrary, copyright protection of links is not enshrined in law. Newspapers, however, are pushing for legislation to support this dangerous claim, regardless of the implications it would have for free speech.

The Internet has changed the face of journalism by lowering barriers to mass publication and opening avenues for sharing and distributing news. But despite the new opportunities of a democratized media and citizen driven journalism, established journalistic institutions are struggling to adapt to the changing landscape of the news industry. While papers around the world are working to find new ways to make money and compete in the digital world, many experiments with varying subscription models have been so far unsuccessful. Staring down the barrel of vanishing revenues, some newspaper organizations have, for many years, resorted to aggressive enforcement of copyright ownership claims.

Newspapers across Europe in particular have sought to prevent third parties from linking to or displaying excerpts of their news content unless those sites provide proper notice to the news publisher and pay royalty fees for what the papers determine to be "commercial use." Rather than revel in the benefits of more traffic, these newspapers demand that search engines and third party sites give them a cut of profits that come associated with the sale of advertisements.

Irish Newspaper Groups Shakedown Charities for Posting a Link

The National Newspapers of Ireland (NNI), an organization that represents over 40 national and regional newspapers across the country, has begun to send notices to websites that link to its news articles, demanding they pay hundreds of euros in royalty fees for each link. Many of the recipients of these shakedown letters are charities, including Women's Aid, an Irish non-profit organization that provides direct assistance for victims of domestic violence. It received a notice over a link it posted to a news story about the success of its fundraising efforts, and was asked to pay over $450 for doing so.

These infringement notices are groundless. In 2012, the NNI submitted comments [pdf] to the Irish Copyright Review Committee, proposing amendments to copyright law to outlaw linking to copyright-protected content. But then in a statement posted on their website, the NNI then claimed that even the "display and transmission of links" would already count as a copyright infringement under current Irish law, when it is done "for commercial purposes without prior consent and payment." NNI claims it won't go after links posted for social, private reasons.

Blogs around the world have denounced the Irish newspaper associations for being so out of touch. The Irish Times, a member of the NNI, even came out against the association saying that it disagrees that links should be considered copyrightable, and encourages sharing links to its content.

The attention seems to have made a difference, as Irish newspapers associations began to draw back their claims this week. On Monday, Newspaper Licensing Ireland (NLI), an association closely tied to the NNI (they even share the same mailing address), came out and stated that it no longer has a problem with sites linking to its content, but would still require a license if those sites were to reproduce the content in any way, including the "display of PDFs or text extracts." While this is a definite improvement from the previous position, it is still deeply problematic. As long as excerpted or re-displayed content cites the origin of its work, such uses are fair dealing, and demanding ownership over excerpted work is still another dangerous overextension of copyright.

New German Bill Underway to Create Copyright-Like Right Over News Excerpts

Unfortunately, Irish newspapers are not the only news organizations lobbying for greater copyright protections. Newspapers in Germany have been mobilizing for a similar law since 2009, and re-started their efforts last year. A bill is before the German Parliament that would amend the German Copyright Act, and give newspapers a new copyright-like exclusive right over the commercial publication of their published materials. The law would allow content to be shared as a link or excerpted, as long as they are not search engines or link aggregating websites. This protection would last a year from the publication date, and would in effect make it illegal for sites like Google and Reddit from freely quoting German news articles unless they choose to pay royalty fees for each use.

Recognizing the tremendous damage this law would have on its services and the Internet at large, Google launched a petition campaign in German called "Defend Your Web." In response, politicians who back the initiative have accused Google of spreading propaganda and lobbying for its own interests--a curious claim given that the copyright bill is an obvious result of heavy lobbying by the publishing industry. The next movement on this bill will occur on January 30, when the judiciary committee of the German Parliament is scheduled to put on an expert hearing. We will be closely monitoring these discussions as they evolve.

Sharing content by link is not only second nature for anyone who uses the Internet, it's also outside of the scope of copyright's exclusive rights. Excerpting the content is just as vital, giving the user the information necessary to decide whether to click through. Links with excerpts drive traffic and create value for the target. 

These newspapers' campaigns are self-defeating, as user traffic and viewership is what creates the value of their website. With falling ad sales and declining readership, newspapers are struggling. But instead of these awkward and foolish attempts to assert new copyrights, they should focus their attention on exploring innovative ways to deliver quality journalism to the public, and find new ways to create revenues from their work that acknowledges the spirit of sharing on the Internet.





Latest Big Brother/Orwellian
- The Worst Trolls On The Internet Are The Government Trolls
- Feds Ignore First Amendment, Supreme Court Precedent In Seizing Domain Of Social Network For Sex Workers
- US Supreme Court Rules Cops Need Warrants to Search Cell Phones
- State Legislators Discussing Laws That Will Put Law Enforcement Surveillance Cameras Inside Private Businesses
- Obama Admin Seeks Authority To Ruin All GPS Navigation Systems
- Judge Says NSA Can Continue To Destroy Evidence
- The Top 5 Claims That Defenders of the NSA Have to Stop Making to Remain Credible
- Victory for Involuntary Servitude in Colorado









No Comments Posted Add Comment


Add Comment
Name
Comment

* No HTML


Verification *
Please Enter the Verification Code Seen Below
 


PLEASE NOTE
Please see our About Page, our Disclaimer, and our Comments Policy.


FAIR USE NOTICE
This site contains copyrighted material the use of which in some cases has not been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. Such material is made available for the purposes of news reporting, education, research, comment, and criticism, which constitutes a 'fair use' of such copyrighted material in accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. It is our policy to respond to notices of alleged infringement that comply with the DMCA and other applicable intellectual property laws. It is our policy to remove material from public view that we believe in good faith to be copyrighted material that has been illegally copied and distributed by any of our members or users.

About Us - Disclaimer - Privacy Policy



Advanced Search
Username:

Password:

Remember Me
Forgot Password?
Register

SWAT Team Shoots Teen Girl & Her Dog During Pot Raid On Wrong Home - 07/25Cop Shoots Couple's Dog, Threatens Jail For Trying To Save Dog's Life - 07/28Cops Beat This Father of Three to the Point of Hospitalization. 'Oh Sorry Wrong Guy' - 07/28Man Goes to Jail for Public Intoxication, Comes Out Looking Like He Went Through a Meat Grinder - 07/29Illinois Cop Shoots Dog In Its Yard In Front Of 6-Year-Old Girl - 07/28Man Asks Cop For Help To Find Missing Girlfriend, Cop Beats Him With A Baton - 07/29The Absurd, Bureaucratic Hell That Is the American Police State - 07/29Mass Incarceration: 21 Amazing Facts About America's Obsession With Prison - 07/29

Rialto, CA Police Made to Wear Cameras, Use of Force Drops by Over Two-ThirdsCop Who Karate Chopped NY Judge In Throat Gets Off Scot-FreeFlorida Cop Smashes Compliant Woman's Face Into Car -- "Maybe Now You Can Understand Simple Instructions"VIDEO: Lapel Cam Reveals A Day In The Life Of A U.S. Police Officer (Tasing, Beating, Breaking & Entering, Stomping On Heads... and Laughing About It)Caught On Tape: Officer Sucker Punches Inmate In Face, Files Report Claiming 'Self Defense'Insult Person On Twitter, Go To JailSWAT Team Brings TV Crew To Film Raid Against Threatening Internet Critic -- Raids Innocent Grandma InsteadCop Karate Chops NY Judge In The Throat
(more)

 
Top